Dermatitis appears in many forms- some of which can be a bit difficult to decode. Is it a rash? Hives? Simple irritation? Here is my guide to help decipher different types of dermatitis.
Atopic dermatitis is also known as eczema and is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that can occur anywhere on the body but is mostly predominant on the neck, inner arms, or backs of knees. Atopic dermatitis flares up occasionally and may have dormant states where it’s nearly invisible. The cause of this skin disorder is unknown but is related to stress, asthma and immune system dysfunction. Atopic dermatitis can be extremely itchy and appears red and flaky. Persons affected by this skin disorder should not use harsh soaps or cleansers, can use hydrocortisone creams to soothe the area, and use healing ointments to promote skin repair.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Allergic contact dermatitis is the type of dermatitis caused by an allergen. Allergens can include perfume, cosmetics, hair color, weeds such as poison oak or poison ivy, metals, rubber and other synthetics. This type of dermatitis can occur anywhere on the body, depending on the contact with the allergen. The irritation resolves in two to three weeks. Irritation can be alleviated with the use of soothing topical ointments.
Irritant Contact Dermatitis
Similar to allergic contact dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis is caused by synthetic irritants such as soap, detergents/fabric softeners or other synthetics. Irritant contact dermatitis is characterized by red, itchy, dry patches which bear a resemblance to a burn. This type of dermatitis resolves on its own within two to three weeks. Irritation can be alleviated with the use of soothing topical ointments.
Perioral dermatitis occurs on the face and usually affects the areas around the mouth and chin. Perioral dermatitis may have a rosacea-like look and is characterized by red bumps, itchy skin, flaky skin and pus-filled bumps. To treat perioral dermatitis a gentle antibacterial wash and soothing ointment may be used. Acne medication may be used on the bumps as well. There is no known cause of perioral dermatitis but irritants such as harsh cleansers, detergents, make-up, or fluoride products may be the culprit.
One of the most common forms of dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis occurs on oily areas of the body such as the face, upper chest, and back. It can also appear on the scalp as dandruff and in infants as cradle cap. Seborrheic dermatitis is characterized by greasy flakes, itchy skin, redness and inflammation. Seborrheic dermatitis can be treated with medicated shampoos that contain coal tar, and with anti-inflammatory topical preparations, soothing ointments and hydrocortisone cream.
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In a world where skin care products are so specialized, it can be a bit confusing knowing what to look for and which ones will work best for you. Not to fear, your answer is here! Half the battle is knowing what skin type you have. To make it simple, we’ll discuss the three most common types.
Dry skin is generally characterized by smaller pores on and around the nose and forehead. This type of skin needs the most moisture. Under moisturized, dry skin can experience some oiliness when it needs hydration. Overly dry skin will work harder to produce the oil it craves, once properly hydrated, the oil subsides. Rough patches and flakiness can be exfoliated away with a scrub or peel. Extremely dry or inflamed skin can be calmed with products containing soothing ingredients such as chamomile.
What to look for: Creams rich in oils, such as Jojoba and Avocado, Glycerin, Lanolin and Shea Butter.
What to avoid: AHA’s and BHA’s with high concentrations. Acids typically make the skin drier.
The most common type of skin is combination. Skin that is combination will have medium to large pores on the nose, cheeks, forehead and chin. This skin tends to see some oil in the T-zone and is drier on the cheeks. Balancing the combo type can be tricky. Sometimes using two types of products can be most effective. Such as using dry skin products on the cheeks and products for oily skin on the forehead, nose and chin. When unbalanced, you will see congestion, black or whiteheads and occasional breakouts.
What to look for: Gentle cleansers, oil-free hydrators, spot treatments, balancing products.
What to avoid: Super-moisturizing oils, soap–based cleansers, waxes that can clog skin, Alcohols.
Need a pick me up? Jurlique’s Rosewater Balancing Mist will not only balance your skin with the scent of fresh roses. It will also set mineral make-up! Can be used just in the morning or all day as a refresher.
H2O Plus Face Oasis Cleansing Water is an ultra-foaming, oil free, liquid cleanser that will work wonderfully with a cleansing brush to help balance out combination skin.
Oily skin tends to have larger pores throughout the T-Zone and cheeks. It’s most common for this type to be blemish-prone, however all types can experience pore congestion such as black or whiteheads and breakouts. Controlling oil and acne are the main concerns for oily skin. Moisturizers and foundations with a matte finish will help to keep shine at bay. Acids will help exfoliate, heal blemishes and kill bacteria. Keep in mind, over-use of acids can strip the skin making it too dry resulting in an over-production of oil to compensate which can create more breakouts. Over time, the use of oil-free moisturizer will help balance hyper-active oil glands and bring skin back to manageability. Using an enzyme exfoliant 2-3 times a week is also an effective way to keep skin cells turning over and clear acne.
What to look for: Salicylic Acid (BHA). gel formulations, Benzoyl Peroxide, Glycolic Acid (AHA), and matte finish products.
What to avoid: Scrubs with beads than can infect and spread acne bacteria, stripping the skin with too much acid.
Have oily skin that needs help with anti-aging as well as clearing acne? Suki Balancing Day Lotion boosts collagen synthesis, and calms inflammation. It’s a multi-tasking, age fighting moisturizer.
Elemis Papaya Enzyme Peel is a peel that will help with acne scarring, fine lines and moisture. Pineapple and Papaya enzymes are natural exfoliants that will help smooth your skin without causing infection to existing acne.
Gel cleansers are ideal for oily skin. Peter Thomas Roth Anti-Aging Cleansing Gel is going to brighten, clarify and exfoliate all in one! Address fine lines and wrinkles while you do a deep pore cleanse and wash away dirt make-up and impurities.
Stressed and dry winter skin from caused by freezing temperatures is never fun! Protect your skin and give it the extra attention it needs. Whether it be your entire body or specific areas, you can use an extra duty product to calm your winter skin woes.
Many people these days have different skin conditions to treat, however differentiating and understanding each condition is not always easy. Psoriasis is a major skin condition that affects an estimated 7.5 million Americans according to the National Psoriasis Foundation. Having any skin condition is not only uncomfortable but very stressful.
Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disease that appears on the skin. There are 5 different types of psoriasis listed as: plaque, guttate, inverse, pustular & erythrodermic. The most common form of psoriasis is plaque. The usual symptoms of this type Psoriasis are usually raised red patches or lesions which are covered with a silvery white buildup of dead skin cells. This condition can appear anywhere on the body, but is not contagious.
Prevention is a major aspect of treatment. Psoriasis triggers can be different for each individual however, there are some more common or known triggers. The first known trigger is stress. Stress can actually activate a first time flare up or aggravate an existing condition. The second known trigger is injury to the skin. For example: vaccinations, sunburns and even scratches on the skin can trigger a reaction. Medication can also be a big trigger and can easily be disregarded when contemplating trigger factors. Some of the many different medications that have been found to trigger a reaction are: Lithium, Antimalarials, Inderal, Quinidine and Indomethacin.
Other known triggers such as weather, diet, and allergies can play a big role in a Psoriasis flare up. Although there is no known cure for psoriasis, there are ways to alleviate symptoms.
Treatments will generally consist of topical or internal solutions. As the severity of each case and treatment options will vary from one person to the next, it is recommended that each individual consults with a licensed physician for professional opinion before use of any product.
It is also important to understand that many times an individual will go through various products before they find one that best suits them. You can find products on our site ranging from cleansers to shampoo and even body products. Some of those include Therapeutics Psorent Topical by Neostrata and Plasmalg Marine Gel by Thalgo. We hope after this read you’ll understand this condition better. We also want you to know we are always here to help and wish you all the best on the road to healing!
Winter… It comes around every year and brings us those windy, cold, and rainy days. As your skin type is affected by these weather changes, so are your lips. Your lips can easily become dry, cracked and even more sensitive during this time. It is important to remember to tend to them just as you would your normal skin care regimen around these seasonal changes.
You can easily prevent your lips from drying by following a simple set of steps. First exfoliate your lips about one to two times a week. This will remove the dry, rough skin sitting on the surface of your lips and make room for soft lips. A lip scrub that is great for the lips is Philosophy’s Kiss Me Exfoliating Lip Scrub. Then make sure everyday to apply some kind of a treatment or conditioner. It doesn’t matter if it is just a hydrating lip balm, lip gloss or actual lip treatment product. Most of these items will have ingredients in them to not only prevent damage but to maintain lip health and nourish them. For already damaged lips we suggest NUXE Reve de Miel Ultra Nourishing Lip Balm; made from natural ingredients with a delicious taste of honey and grapefruit. With that said, everyone should be able to find a product specific to keeping your lips smooth, moisturized and lively!
You gave the feedback and Obagi listened! They now have a wonderful new moisturizer for all skin types to really complete the Obagi line. The Obagi Hydrate Facial Moisturizer is formulated to provide long lasting hydration protection for up to 8 hours. It contains Hydromanil, which is an advanced ingredient that retains water and gradually delivers moisture to the skin. It can be used morning and night, and will become a must have product for those who are on the Obagi Nu-Derm system and may be experiencing any dry or flaky skin. Even though the product is super hydrating, it is hypo-allergenic and non-comedogenic so it will not clog pores and works especially well for those with sensitive or irritated skin types.
The winter season brings a host of skin concerns for many of us whether we spend our time outdoors in the cold or inside near the heater. Inside we are exposed to the drying heat of the heater that zaps the hydration out of your skin and outside we are exposed to searing cold which also works to dehydrate our skin very quickly (you’ve heard of freeze-dried?).
Dry cracked feet are a very common concern during the winter season, but what can you do? SkinStore.com Esthetician’s answer this question all the time. Proper foot care all year round is important to your overall health and we always suggest that you focus on hydration on all parts of your skin including your feet daily.
If you require an aggressive approach you can incorporate a Ceramic File, Callus Rasp or a Buffer for additional callus removal by controlled friction. I would give you some caution that you should never go too aggressive with these tools as you could cause additional cracking or bleeding if you get your skin too thin so be gentle at first and perhaps do just a little but each day until you get the desired results.
A gentle alternative is the Barielle Total Foot Care Cream, this is a top customer rated cream that can be used twice daily. A great suggestion with this product is to apply the cream then place your plain 100% cotton socks in the microwave for 10-15 seconds and put them on and leave overnight.
If your feet simply need hydration, the Archipelago Botanicals Milk Foot Balm is a great selection. With milk solids, oat and soy protein, this product will provide adequate moisture if used morning and evening.
Do you have a winter foot care secret? Share with us here - leave a comment below.
Our hands are something we tend to forget about treating, even though we use them for everything we do! During the winter months, they can get cracked and extremely dry. To combat this issue I recommend using L’Occitane Shea Butter One Minute Hand Scrub two to three times a week to keep hands well exfoliated and help products better penetrate the skin. Follow up by moisturizing up to 6 times a day to keep hands from cracking in the winter months. I recommend using L’Occitane Shea Butter Hand Cream, it will help protect, nourish and moisturize your hands.
Your hands also age quicker than your face. To keep your hands looking as young as you are, always remember to treat your hands with the same great products you use on your face, neck and décolleté and as always don’t forget the SPF!
Do you have sensitive skin and find it hard to find a good moisturizer? Well rest assured, ATOPALM is here. Their Intensive Moisturizing Cream is not only great as a facial cream; you can use it for your body as well. It’s a unique, paraben-free cream for dry and sensitive skin that helps to restore the skins’ protective moisture barrier, leading to softer and healthier skin.
Finally! A facial cream has been made for sensitive and dry skin that aids in restoring the natural lipids from your skin barrier which are depleted by harsh skin treatments, making it perfect for use after microdermabrasion. Intensive Moisturizing Cream leaves the skin feeling soft and supple. Don’t just take my word for it. Try it for yourself and you’ll see that ATOPALM Intensive Moisturizing Cream is one of the best 2 in 1 creams for sensitive and dry skin.
We talk to a lot of customers this time of year who often have the same skin concerns. “My skin feels so dry!” Sound familiar? This is really common, especially in the cooler winter months.
First thing’s first! We always check to make sure you’re using a moisturizer. If not, that would be the first plan of attack. However, since most of our customers are on top of things, lets move on to plan B. More than likely if you speak to one of our estheticians they will recommend a type of hydrating serum that you would apply underneath your moisturizer. One of the most popular hydrating serums is SkinCeuticals Hydrating B5 Gel. If you prefer a natural line, ARCONA Magic White Ice is a great choice.
Finally, we would recommend a hydrating mask. Masks are a nice bonus to add extra hydration to the skin. You can use them on your face, or other dry parts of your body! Try the SkinCeuticals Hydrating B5 Masque or the L’Occitane Immortelle Face Cream Mask. Please be advised some masks can be used daily, or others may instruct you to use them 1-2 times a week. As always, please follow the manufacturers directions.
There really is no limit on moisturizer. If you feel you need more, go for it, especially those of you who use a 2-in-1 moisturizer/SPF combo. It’s a good idea to freshen up SPF applications during the day. Your skin will thank you for it!