Archive for the ‘Ask an Esthetician’ Category
To understand how to treat Keratosis Pilaris, we must first define it. Not knowing the causes and effects will make it hard to treat this common skin condition. This can be an embarrassing skin condition affecting all areas of the body. Many people don’t even realize what they are experiencing on their face and body, is in fact the signs of Keratosis Pilaris. All ages and skin types may experience this annoying and frustrating skin condition. It is our job as skin care professionals to offer useful suggestions and treatments, in hopes of helping you shed your chicken skin.
Keratosis Pilaris is a common genetic follicular disorder that will cause rough bumps on the skin. Yes this is another great trait that your parents gave you. The most commonly affected areas are on the back and outer sides of the upper arms. You may also see rough irritated areas on the thighs and buttocks. The only part of your body that will not show signs of this skin disorder, are the palms of your hands and the soles of your feet. Needless to say that leaves a lot of area for KP to cover. Often times this condition is misdiagnosed and can be treated as acne.
Did you know there are 6 variations of KP? Among the most popular is Keratosis Pilaris Rubra or KPR. This common condition is usually located on the arm area. The bumps are usually red and inflamed. Keratosis Pilaris Alba or KPA is usually classified by rough skin that feels bumpy, but does not have any irritation. You may experience moderate to severe signs of this skin condition. If your condition is moderate you may experience small bumps with little or no irritation. If you have a more severe condition, this will include large areas of the skin that are rough and irritated. By using the right products, your condition can be improved regardless of severity.
A great line that has been popular with staff and clients alike is the M2 Technologies brand. They make a magnificent body treatment called M2 Skin Technologies Body Refinish 15%. You can use this product anywhere that you have rough dry patches or bumps. This will help to smooth, exfoliate, and even out your skin tone.
If you are experiencing red, rash like, larger areas of irritation on your face, you may want to try the M2 Skin Technologies Skin Refinish 12%. This is an effective treatment to apply a few times per week for maximum results. This is a 12% combination of Mandelic and Malic acids. This anti-inflammatory blend will help to reduce redness, even out skin tone, and clear up blemishes. If you have Rosacea which can also be classified with red rash like patches, you may also benefit from this product. Among other popular treatments for KP, can be diet supplements, exfoliations, oil pulling, and an Anti-Candida Diet. Your diet can play a major role in the onsets of KP. Research has proven Omega 3 supplements to be effective in maintaining healthy skin. Perricone MD Omega 3 Dietary Supplements, for example, have anti-inflammatory properties, and will help to soften and smooth the skin from the inside out.
The exfoliants category includes scrubs,microdermabrasion crystals, AHA’s, and BHA’s. If you are looking for a glycolic based product to help resurface all those bumps try the Glytone KP Kit. This reliable kit includes exfoliating body wash and body lotion. The body wash contains 8.8% free glycolic acid which means it is pure glycolic and not in a compound form. This will help to sweep away tired, rough skin. The body lotion will retexturize your skin as it contains 17.5% free glycolic acid. Using this kit as your daily treatment will help treat this common skin condition.
KP can seem unbearable at times, but with the right treatments and support, it can be manageable. If you are not sure on your specific needs and skin conditions, we strongly recommend making an appointment with a health care professional, to better diagnose your condition.
For more helpful information on KP treatments, pictures, and support groups please refer to www.keratosispilaris.org.
Did you find this article helpful? Leave us a comment below. Your feedback is much appreciated! For all your skin care needs, visit us at SkinStore.com!
If you ask a woman what the biggest problem is that she faces regarding her skin you’ll most likely hear “hyperpigmentation” every time. Hyperpigmentation can be caused by hormones, post inflammatory acne, or sun induced (photo damage) and is one of the most difficult to treat. Hyperpigmentation is hard to treat because the Melanocytes in our skin which produce Melanin have a great, long lasting memory. Melanin is what pigments our eyes, hair, and skin. So every time melanin is produced by the cell it’s the color of the darker pigmentation. Every 28 days when your cells turn over it is recreating the dark melanin in its memory bank per say.
So I know you’re asking… “What can I do to break this cycle?” The key is to use the right ingredient to change the melanin back to the color they should be. Kojic acid is an awesome ingredient and is derived from fungi. Kojic acid helps to stop the production of melanin in your skin and is a great all natural approach to clearing up pigmentation. Another great ingredient is Ascorbic acid or better known as Vitamin C, this ingredient is rich in antioxidants and is commonly used topically on the skin. This ingredient works by gradually fading the appearance of pigmentation on the skin. Both of these ingredients are very effective and will give you the clear skin you desire.
We highly recommend SkinCeuticals Phloretin CF to help with hyperpigmentation. Phloretin CF represents a new class of preventive and corrective topical antioxidant treatment. After five years of extensive research, SkinCeuticals developed this patent-pending breakthrough technology combining the newly-discovered, broad-range power of Phloretin with Vitamin C and Ferulic Acid in a biodiverse formulation to divide and conquer sources of damage at every level. Phloretin CF, a broad-spectrum treatment, protects against not only free radicals, but the range of other reactive molecules known to cause damage and DNA mutations among the integral cell types. In addition, it corrects existing damage by stimulating the synthesis of essential proteins and fibers and accelerating cell turnover. The result — a strengthened support structure on the inside and a more youthful, firm, radiant appearance on the outside. You can find this product and other pigmentation busting products on SkinStore.com.
When your youngster starts getting breakouts here are some safe and affordable options to clear up their skin. Begin by teaching your kids of the importance of a clean face. This means not touching their face constantly with filthy dirty hands and washing their face morning and night with a gentle cleanser. First Aid Beauty offers Gentle Cleansing wipes that are super easy and convenient. You can throw a package of these in your kid’s sports bags or backpack, also great for mom’s gym bag too! Plus they are a good quality product at an affordable price at just $15.00 for 30 wipes. When your little one does get their first pimple, first record it in their baby book. You don’t want to miss a single memory! And next spot treat in the evenings with benzoyl peroxide. In most cases a 2.5%-5% benzoyl peroxide is all it will take to clear the blemish and is completely safe to use on children. The benzoyl peroxide will dry out the pimple in just a few days. Be sure to remind your kids not to pick at their face because it could cause scarring. And most importantly continue on insisting that they wear their sunscreen no matter how much they protest. Trust me one day they will thank you for your efforts to keeping their skin clear and healthy. For more kid friendly skincare products visit SkinStore.com!
Melasma also known as the mask of pregnancy is hyperpigmentation that forms patches of brown to gray-brown patches on the face. It’s most often found on the cheeks, bridge of nose, forehead, chin and above the upper lip. Melasma occurs when the color making cells in the skin or melanocytes produce too much color. If you have a darker complexion you’re more prone to melasma because you have more active melanocytes than someone with a lighter complexion.
Common causes include:
Sun exposure: Ultraviolet or UV light from the sun stimulates the melanocytes. Even just a small amount of sun exposure can make your melasma return after fading. It often gets worse in the summer with continued sun exposure.
Change in hormones: Melasma is common in pregnant women, is often called chloasma or the mask of pregnancy. Birth control pills can also trigger melasma.
Not all hyperpigmentation is Melasma. To be properly diagnosed, you will need to see a Dermatologist.
Hydroquinone-this can be found in a 2% strength OTC or 4% strength with a prescription, to help lighten the skin.
Tretinoin- a prescription vitamin A or all-trans retinoic acid enhances skin lightening.
Professional treatments that may help include: chemical peels, microdermabrasion and dermabrasion.
Melasma is a difficult skin condition to treat because sun exposure, the main cause, is present in our everyday lives. It’s very important to wear sunscreen every day and reapply every 2 hours. If you know you will be in the sun for long periods of time, be sure to wear a wide brim floppy hat for more coverage.
We recommend PCA SKIN Pigment Gel and Colorscience Pro Sunforgettable Mineral Sun Protection Brush SPF 50 for best results.
Skincare can be so confusing and at times downright overwhelming. With cleansers, serums, creams, exfoliants and treatments how is anyone supposed to keep their head from spinning? And let’s be honest the older we get the more products we need. Here is an easy to follow evening regimen so you can get the most from your skincare products and best results for your skin.
Step 1. First Cleanse
Your initial cleanse is to remove dirt and makeup from your skin. If you have multiple cleansers, I would choose a milky or oil cleanser for this first step. These remove makeup and debris best.
Step 2. Second Cleanse
Yes, two cleanses! Think about when you get a facial how they always take the time to thoroughly clean your skin, you should do the same at home. The first cleanse is to remove the day, the second cleanse is to clean your skin. This is the time you would use your Clairsonic cleansing brush if you have one.
Step 3. Tone
After cleansing apply your toner. Some skincare lines do not require a toner since their products are already pH balanced. However, toners are a great way to refresh and add some extra nutrients into the skin.
Step 4. Exfoliate
Depending on the exfoliator you use you will either do this step every night or as little as once per week. Check the directions on the recommended use. If you are not currently using an exfoliant this is not a step to be overlooked. Even if you have dry skin, all of your skincare products will work more effectively if you don’t have a dry layer of skin blocking them from penetrating. Exfoliating improves cell turn over, reduces pore appearance and promotes healthy looking skin.
Step 5. Serums
This is the most confusing step for most. The rule of thumb is to apply your serums thinnest first working your way up to the thickest. With most skincare lines they ask that you allow the serum to dry, about 30 seconds, before layering the next serum.
Step 6. Moisturizer/Treatment
Most night creams are also treatments. Night creams now do more than just moisturize, many have anti-aging treatments to prevent fine lines, wrinkles and pigmentation.
Step 7. Eye Cream
This is your final step. If you are like me and use multiple eye products use the same rule of thumb by applying thinnest to thickest.
10 minutes later you are finally ready for bed. Now let all that goodness soak into your skin and wakeup beautiful!
“Chicken Skin” is that patch of scaly skin on your thighs or back of arms. This unattractive skin condition is called keratosis pilaris and up to 40% of adults suffer from it. Although the cause is unknown it most likely runs in your family or you have dry skin to begin with. The scaly patch forms when our bodies produce a build-up of a hard protein called keratin. This keratin forms a plug in the opening of your hair follicle and VOILA! “chicken skin”. Now that you understand what it is, more importantly how do you get rid of it?
Thankfully skincare companies are starting to make products specifically to address this very issue. There are exfoliating body washes and lotions that contain “chicken skin” fighting ingredients like glycolic acid and micro-beads to banish the keratosis pilaris from your skin.
Glytone makes a KP kit that contains a great smelling glycolic body wash that you follow with a powerful glycolic lotion. This combination of products is sure to diminish the bumps.
Another amazing product is Jan Marini’s Bioglycolic Resurfacing Body Scrub. This body wash is incredible at clearing the KP from your skin plus give your body an all-over exfoliation.
So now that Summer is here and tank tops and shorts are inevitable stop covering up and expose your bump-free, smooth skin!
What is the difference between physical exfoliation, enzymatic exfoliation, and chemical exfoliation? A physical exfoliation is one that you can physically feel to the touch. It’s often in the form of beads or granules like that in a scrub. Whereas an enzymatic exfoliation is usually in a treatment type product like a mask, peel, cleanser, etc. Enzymes are found in fruit acids and are generally better tolerated by sensitive skin types. Chemical exfoliators are also found in treatment type products, but are more aggressive and are usually found in the form of acids like Glycolic, Salicylic, AHA’s, & BHA’s. Chemical exfoliators are better suited for normal to tolerant skin types.
When is sunscreen needed? The answer is all the time. You should always wear sunblock! Whether you use daily skincare products or not sunblock helps prevent damage, period. Using sunscreen religiously is the number one thing you can do to prevent pre mature aging!
Do extreme hot/ cold temperatures ruin my product? No. We have confirmed with various manufacturers on this very issue and temperature does not compromise the integrity of the product. If you receive a product and it is either extremely hot or extremely cold bring the product inside and let it go back to room temperature before use. You may also need to shake or stir the product if the ingredients have separated. This does not change the efficacy of the product, it’s good to use.
Why doesn’t my product have a seal on it? Since we’re shipped product directly from the manufacturer to our warehouse it’s not required for the products to come sealed. It is up to the manufacturer if they choose to seal the product or not. Rest assured our inventory doesn’t make contact with the public until it is shipped directly to your door. All returns are sent back to a different facility and aren’t shipped back to the warehouse.
Is the date listed on my product the expiration date? Not always. Most products will list a sequence of digits or numbers that can look like a date format. This is usually a manufactured date, lot number, or batch number. An expiration date will have the letters EXP in front of the date sequence. Most all SPF products will have an expiration date printed on the product or packaging along with certain organic brands. If it does not, you can use the sequence of digits listed to contact the manufacturer directly for more information.
Can I use Retinol and Vitamin C together? The answer is yes. While there are not really any known counteractions, it is suggested to split them up in your regimen (Retinol at night and Vitamin C in the morning). This is because Retinol can make you sun sensitive and depending on how it is delivered to the skin can break down in the sun. Vitamin C is an antioxidant which helps to prevent sun damage and even out skin tone, so its recommended to use in the morning before starting your day. *Of course you would always want to wear daily SPF protection as well.
What is the standard order of application for products? With most products you would want to cleanse, tone, apply any serum (thinnest to thickest), then any treatment type lotions/creams, your moisturizer and lastly your SPF product.
Should I still use a moisturizer if I have combination/ oily skin? The answer is yes. Usually if you have this skin type you are already using a cleanser and treatment product specific to your concerns. Our skin still needs the proper hydration and if it does not get it or you’re stripping the skin of its essential moisture, it will over produce oils to compensate creating more of a problem.
Does the product really work or why am I not seeing results? Products will only give a good result if you are using them as directed and as dictated by your skin type or any specific skin conditions you might have. The best way to determine this is to talk to your local esthetician or dermatologist to first determine your factors. From there you’ll know what products to look for and then can base it off the concerns you’d like to address. Please note, to see the true benefits from product it can take up to 30-45 days which is the skins natural cell cycle length. Certain products and benefits may even take longer depending on how difficult the issue you’re trying to address. You may also see your skin breakout within the first couple weeks which is known as the purge period. Your skin needs time to adjust to the ingredients in a product and it does not necessarily mean the product isn’t working for you.
Can I use skincare products while pregnant? You can, however we suggest consulting with your physician before starting any skincare routine while pregnant. We can safely recommend the brands Belli & Mustela which were formulated specifically for use during pregnancy and while breast feeding.
Vitamin D deficiencies seem to be a big debate right now. Humans are not getting enough nutrition, rest, or sunlight these days. This does not mean you should rush to the tanning bed for your daily dose of Vitamin D, or lay out in the sun lathered in baby oil either. You can take a Vitamin D supplement and eat the right foods and this will provide you with the recommended daily dose.
If a person is not getting enough Vitamin D it may lead to weak muscles and bones, dental decay, lack of energy, nervousness, or trouble sleeping. While some of these symptoms sound like a normal day for a lot of us, it is important to be properly diagnosed and treated if you have any kind of vitamin deficiency.
The top foods that contain Vitamin D are: milk, cod liver oil, salmon, tuna, sardines, egg yolks, fortified cereals, and beef liver. These foods may be hard to fit into a normal day, especially if you are lactose intolerant or a vegetarian. You can supplement your dose of D by taking a vitamin. There are a lot of different kinds of vitamins on the market that are vegetarian, vegan, gluten free, and that do not contain milk.
The suggested dose of Vitamin D is 400 IU per day. For example a whole egg would provide 20 IU where 3.5 oz of salmon provides 360IU. The National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends a daily intake of 800 to 1,000 IU per day for adults over the age of 50. It is important not to overdose on Vitamin D, as it can be toxic to your body in large amounts.
Vitamin D plays a vital role when used in skin care. Vitamin D promotes cell growth and can help prevent pre mature aging of the skin and repair damage to the skin’s structure. Vitamin D will also boost your immune system, maintain a healthy brain function, and has been linked to maintaining a healthy body weight.
If you are going to be in the sun to obtain your Vitamin D, please please please wear your sunscreen!
For an anti-aging sunscreen that contains broad spectrum protection try, DermaQuest Skin Therapy Solar Moisturizer SPF 30.We love this sunscreen because it will firm, hydrate, and protect your skin.
If you have concerns that you may be Vitamin D deficient, contact your health care provider and they can do a specific test to determine if you are at risk.
Visit SkinStore.com for all your skin care and beauty needs.
A lot of the time people think “if some is good, more is better.” But is this really true? Generally speaking, if you are using good, quality skin care products, a little bit goes a long way. If you are using too much product, you might just be washing away money.
For moisturizers, a pea sized to a dime sized amount is usually all that you will need. You want to make sure the product covers the entire area you are trying to treat, but not so much that there is some left visible on the skin. Make sure your skin is slightly damp when you apply a moisturizer too so it can spread better, absorb quicker and you will use less product. Don’t forget your neck and décolleté!
On the other hand, sunscreens are like medicine. In order for sunscreen to be active, the right amount needs to be used. The average-sized person needs to use 1oz of product per application for the entire body. 1oz is about the size of a shot glass. For just the face, neck and décolleté you need approximately a teaspoon full to get the proper coverage. Sunscreen is needed every day, including the winter months.